Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 Fighter Jet

Late in November of 1950, not long after the Korean Conflict began, a U.S. Air Force B-29 Superfortress was damaged by a MiG-15 during an attack on an airbase in North Korea. The F-80 escorts pursued, but the attacking aircraft stripped away from them with ease.

This was the first known appearance of a MiG-15 in combat. And it sent shockwaves through the U.S. Air Force.

Defected MiG-15 No Kum Sok

US Air Force

Russian designers Mikoyan-Gurevich created the MiG-15 in 1946 with its first flight conducted in December of 1947. Russia’s desire for an aircraft to combat the devastating bombings by the massive but sluggish B-29s was answered. From the start, the fighter jet surprised the U.S. Military with its speed and climb rate. It was Russia’s first “all-new” aircraft and it challenged the United States’ air superiority. The MiG-15 was so effective it caused the U.S. to expedite delivery of the F-86 Sabre in order to reclaim its air dominance.

The MiG-15s rise to prevalence in Korea meant that Russian technology was spreading and China’s involvement in the Korean War was increasing. Over 12,000 MiG-15s were produced and flown in over 30 countries. They were used by China for more than two decades after the Korean War ended and are still flown today in air shows.

MiG-15 Engine

Officially, the VK-1 turbojet powered the MiG-15. However, the VK-1 was little more than a direct imitation of the Rolls-Royce Nene. In 1948, the British agreed to broker a number of Rolls-Royce Nene turbojets to the Soviet Union to be used strictly in non-combat situations. The Soviet manufacturer Klimov reverse-engineered the engine and added a few original Soviet touches, thus creating the VK-1, an all-new Russian engine for its first all-new fighter jet.

MiG-15 VK-1 jet engine

J. Messerly

The VK-1, a centrifugal-flow engine, developed 5,952 lbs. of thrust. The differences between the Nene and the VK-1 were less about design and more about size. The VK-1 created larger combustion chambers, larger turbines, and increased airflow. Rolls Royce demanded restitution from the Soviets for licensing fees but was unsuccessful.

MiG-15 Armament

The MiG-15 was designed with bombers in mind. The weaponry outfitted on the plane was meant almost exclusively for B-29s. The MiG-15 had two Nudelman-Surenov 23mm cannons and one Nudelman 37mm cannon. These intimidating weapons, combined with unexpected speed and maneuverability, effectively chased out all piston-engine aircraft during the war. The F-80 and F-84 were still not much of a match for the MiG-15.

However, because of structural issues, the MiG-15 was not a good gun platform. The fighter had a problem with Dutch rolling because of wing flexing during high speeds.

MiG-15 fighter jet

Rozmiar Pierwotny

MiG-15 Ejection Seat

The MiG-15 was the first Soviet aircraft to feature an ejection seat. With its high-powered jet engine, the speed the MiG-15 reached rendered any manual attempts at ejection as worthless. The pilots’ parachute doubled as the seat cushion above the ejection pan. Once detonated, explosive cartridges under the seat pan provided enough lift for the pilot to be lifted up over the vertical tail surface.

See MiG-15 Specifications

Primary Function: Fighter
Unit Cost: N/A
Propulsion: Klimov VK-1 at 5952 lbs each
Length: 33 feet 3 inches (10.13 m)
Height: 11 feet 2 inches (3.40 m)
Wingspan: 33 feet, 1 inches (10.08 m)
Weight: Maximum takeoff: 11,270 lbs (5111.00 Kg)
Ceiling: 51,000 ft (15544.0 m)
Range: 1150 miles (1850 km)
Crew: Either 1 or 2 if Trainer was on board
Armament: Two 23mm cannons and one 37mm cannon, plus rockets or 2,000 lbs. of bombs

Related Posts

Dominating the Oceans: Niмitz Aircraft Carrier’s 42-Year Reign

VIDEO: The Niмitz-class carriers haʋe participated in nearly eʋery сгіѕіѕ and conflict the United States has Ƅeen inʋolʋed in oʋer the past forty-two years. The мost successful U.S. Naʋy carriers…

Read more

The UH-1Y Venom is the newest and final iteration of the legendary UH-1 helicopter

UH-1 Venom is considered the most successful US helicopter. Currently it is still considered the most popular helicopter line in the world. Introduce After more than 50 years in service,…

Read more

BeƖƖ H-1 Militɑɾy Aιrcɾaft: A Legɑcy of ExceƖƖence witҺ Oʋeɾ 400,000 FƖιgҺt Hoᴜɾs

The H-1 мixed fleet of AH-1Z Viper and UH-1Y Venoм attack and utility helicopters haʋe accuмulated мore than 400,000 joint-flight hours. Designed Ƅy Bell Textron Inc., a Textron Inc. coмpany,…

Read more

UnƖeash the CaρaƄιƖities of the AgᴜstaWestland AW159 Wιldcat: The Next-Generation Mιlιtary Helicopter

More than 70 helicopters have been delivered to various customers. The AW159 Future Lynx is the British Royal Navy’s new maritime surveillance and attack helicopter. Credit: PO(Phot) Si Ethell. The…

Read more

AS332 C1e Sᴜpeɾ Pumɑ: UnмatcҺed Perfoɾmɑnce froм ɑ Twin-Engine HeƖιcoρter

AS332 C1e Super Puмa is a new-generation, twin-engine helicopter in the Super Puмa range. Designed and deʋeloped Ƅy Eurocopter (now AirƄus Helicopters), the aircraft supports мultiple мission needs. The helicopter…

Read more

Bell launches new generation attack reconnaissance helicopter with sleek, stealthy design

Bell’s new 360 Invictus is a stealthy, high-speed attack helicopter being offered for the Army’s Future Assault Reconnaissance Aircraft (FARA). Laser-guided Hydra 70 rockets, RF-driven Hellfire missiles, Spike NLOS ωεɑρσռs,…

Read more

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *